‘EYFS’ stands for ‘Early Years Foundation Stage’ and was developed to ensure that each child learns through play and discovery tailored specifically to meet their needs. The Early Years Foundation Stage works on the basis that the characteristics of effective learning and the prime and specific areas of learning and development are all linked.
The characteristics of effective learning are:
- Playing and exploring (engagement)
- Active learning (motivation)
- Creating and thinking (critical thinking)
The prime areas of learning and development are:
- Personal and social emotional development
- Physical development
- Communication and language
The prime areas are developed through relationships and experiences and are crucial to support all areas of learning.
The specific areas of learning and development are:
- Understanding the world
- Expressive arts and design
These specific areas include knowledge and skills which grow out of the prime areas. For a more detailed breakdown of the EYFS curriculum, visit the official site at www.education.gov.uk/schools/teachingandlearning/curriculum/a0068102/early-years-foundation-stage-eyfs.